Munnar is in Idukki district of Kerala, 1400 meter above sea level, situated between three mountain streams – Mudra Puzha, Nallanthanni and Kundala. Munnar is famous for the rarest species of flower `Neelakuruinji' bloom only every 12 years gap. Next bloom will be on AD 2018. The highest peak in South India – Anamudi (2695 Mt.) near to Munnar and on the way to Thekkady. Best time for the visit – September to May.

Km Distance from Munnar:
Cochin Airport–115, Ernakulam-128, Kottyam-147, Kumarakom-160, Allapuzha-200, Thekkady-110, Thrissur-158, Theni-70, Vaigai Dam-105, Palani-122, Ooty-147, Madurai-160, Kodaikanal-195.

In & Around Munnar: (Distance from Munnar given in bracket)

  • Route No.1 (Top Station Direction)
  • Mattupetty: (13 Km). Situated at a height of 1700 meter, known for Indo-Swiss Livestock (to visit the dairy farm, prior appointments required. Ph. 04865-242202). Mattupetty Lake & Dam also attracts visitors. Boating is available.

    Echo Point: (15 Km) On the way to Top Station and this scenic place gets this name from the natural Echo phenomenon.

    Kundala: (20 Km) On the way to Top Station, Kundala artificial dam and Aruvikkad waterfall are the attractions. A Golf course promotes Tata Tea is here.

    Top Station: (32 Km) 1700 meter above sea level and the highest point on Munnar-Kodaikanal road. The rare Neelakurunji (strobil-anthus) belongs to this region. Also offer good view of Tamil Nadu.

  • Route No. 2 (Devikulam direction)
    Devikulam: (7 Km) An ideal picnic spot, exotic flora & fauna, covered by Cool Mountain with Tea gardens. The Sita Devi Lake is a good picnic spot.
    Lock Heart Gap: (17 Km) An ideal place for adventure tourism and trekking. The fresh mountain air, the mist-clad hills and panoramic view make it worthy of a visit.

    Anayirankal: (26 Km) Surround by lush tea plantations & evergreen forests. The splendid reservoir & Anayirankal dam gives excellent views.

    Power House Water Fall: (22 Km) This water fall on the way to Thekkady from Munnar.

  • Route No.3 (Coimbatore Direction)
    Nyayamakad: (10 Km) On the way to Rajamala, famous for long water fall (height of 1600 meters). An excellent picnic and trekking point.

    Rajamala: (15 Km) This is the natural habitat of the Nilgiri Tahr. Also famous for rare mountain goat (Hemitragas hylocres). Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area between 08.00 & 17.00 Hrs. For Permission Wildlife DFO, Munnar. Ph, 04865-231587.

    Eravikulam National Park: (15 Km) 97 Sq. Km park is famous for Nilgiri Tahr. The Anamudi Peak (2695m) is located in the Southern region of the Park.

    Marayoor: (40 Km) Only place in Kerala has natural growth of sandalwood trees. The sandalwood factory of the Forest Dept., the caves (Muniyaras) and children park spread across a hectare off land under the canopy of a single Banyan tree are of great interest to tourists. Thoovanam waterfalls and Rajiv Gandhi National Park are also nearby.

  • Route No.4 (Cochin Direction)
    Pothammedu: (6 Km) Good for excellent view of tea, coffee and Cardamom plantations in Munnar. An ideal location for trekking & long mountain walk.

    Attukal: (7 Km) Located between Munnar & Pallivasal, a panorama of waterfalls and rolling hills, good for long walks.

    Pallivasal: (9 Km) This is the venue of the first Hydro-electric Project in Kerala and a place of immense scenic beauty.

    Chithirapuram: (10 Km) Near to Pallivasal, famous for its picturesque tea plantations and get a feel to reach an old tiny town.

    Cheeyappara Waterfall: (40 Km) Located between Neriamangalam & Adimali while coming from Cochin to Munnar. This waterfalls cascade down in seven steps and real feast for eyes.

What to do in Munnar:
Daily sight seeing Trips: Timing 10.00 to 18.00 hrs. Fare Rs.250/- per head. For booking: DTPC Information Centre, Munnar. Ph. 04865-231516.

Tea Factory Visits: Permission to visit any of the 26 factories of Tata Tea Ltd. can be had from Regional Office at Munnar. Ph. 04865-230561 to 565.

Boating: Mattupetty, Speed launch. Rs.300/- for 15 minutes (max. 5 persons). Safari Boat Rs.700/- for 20 seats for 30 minutes. Boating time 09.30 to 16.30 hrs.

Cycle Rental: DTPC provides cycling facilities at Munnar (Rs.10/- per cycle/hour and Rs.75/- per cycle/per day.


Temperature Chart in Munnar(in Degree Centigrade)

January, February, March 02 – 27

April, May 09 – 29

June, July, August 14 – 22

September, October 13 – 23

November 09 – 25

December   02 – 24


Thekkady is one of the best and finest wildlife reserves in India. The altitude off this exquisite place is 900-1800 Mt above the sea level. The wildlife reserves spread across to 777 sq. km of which 360 sq. km is thick ever green forest. The greatest attractions of Periyar are the herds of wild elephants that come down to play in the lake. Sanctuary can be accessed through a nature walk, boating or jeep safari. Season: (September to May).

Km Distance from Thekkady:
Kumily-4, Sabarimala via Pullumedu-30, Sabarimala via Erumeli-134, Vandanmedu-29, Kattappana-39, Peerumedu-44, Kuttikkanam-44, Ramakkalmeu-46, Vagamon-66, Iddukki-69, Kottayam-114, Munnar-110, Kumarakom-138, Madurai-140, Kodaikanal, 153, Alapuzha-170, Cochin-184, Varkala-224, Ooty-394.

In & Around Thekkady: (Distance from Thekkady given in bracket)

  • Murikkady: (5 Km) Panorama of Cardamom, Coffee & Pepper plantations.

  • Pandikuzhi: (9 Km) Popular picnic spot offers for trekking and photography.

  • Chellarkovil: (19 Km) Bordering with Tamil Nadu, attract waterfalls and coconut trees.

  • Mangaladevi Temple: (15 Km) Visitors are allowed to this ancient kerala style temple only on Chitra Paurnami festival days. Temple is inside the dense forest at the top of the peak 1337 Mt. and for visiting prior permission should be obtained from the Wildlife Warden. Ph. 04869-222027.

  • Vandiperiyar: (18 Km) River Periyar is separating here into two. Tea factories, government agricultural farms and flower gardens are the other attraction.

  • Peermedu: (44 Km) 915-110 Mt above sea level, famous plantation town for tea, rubber, cardamom, rubber, coffee. Rocks, meadows and moist-cloaked hilltops make Peermede unforgettable.

What to do in Thekkady:
Elephant Rides: Timing 10.00 to 17.00 hrs, Duration of a Trip-30 minutes, Fare Rs.350/- per head. Tickets are available at wildlife Info. Counter. Ph. 04869-222028.

Trekking: Kurisumala near Kumily & Grampi. Contact Forest Dept. 04869-222028.

Spice Plantation Tour: Covering plantations, factories, surrounding hills, and tribal settlement. Info. Office, Thekkady Jn., Kumily. Ph. 04869-222620.

Boat Cruise at Periyar Lake: 07.00, 09.30, 11.30, 14.00, 16.00 hrs. Conduct boat trips by KTDC Ph. 04869-222023. Forest Dept., Ph. 04869-222028.

Eco Tourism Program: Nature walk, Tiger Trail, Border Hiking, bamboo Rafting, Jungle Patrol, tribal Heritage, Jeep Safari, Jungle camp, Coracle River Rafting & Bullock Cart Ride. For Booking Ph. 04869-222620 / 224571.


Temperature Chart in Thekkady(in Degree Centigrade)

September to May 14-30


Vagamon is an enchanting hill station located in Kottayam district, bordering with Idukki. The temperature here is 10 C to 23 C during summer midday. Vagamon also known as ‘Scotland of Asia’ is situated 1,100 meter above the sea level. It is very ideal tourist spot surrounded by the greenery of tea gardens, beautiful meadows, deep puzzling valleys and dales. Vagamon has amenities for trekking, paragliding, mountaineering and rock climbing.

Km Distance from Vagamon:
Kuttikanam–22, Erattupetta-26, Pala-33, Thodupuzha-39, Kumily-41, Thekkady-45, Kottayam-65. Allapuzha-100, Cochin Airport-93, Ernakulam-102, Munnar-109.

In & Around Vagamon:

  • Kurisumala: Kurisumala means ‘Mountain of the Holy Cross’ and is a famous pilgrimage location for the Roman Catholics. The area is fully surrounded with tea estates, lakes and small hills.

  • Indo-Swiss project Dairy Farm: Situated on the kurisumala hill and managed by kurisumala monks.

  • Vagamon Meadows: The rolling green meadows of Vagamon have a lake amidst and are famous for film shooting.

  • Pine Forests: A valley having huge pine trees lines in rows is also famous for shooting of movies.

  • Thangal Hill:This is a center of Muslim pilgrimage. There is a cave which can be walked through for kilometers.

  • Mooppanpara: It is v-shaped canyon and also known as suicide point.
  • Murugan Hill: This is situated near to Thangal hill. A murugan temple is situated here with gorgeous stone age carving.

Kumarakom is a popular and beautiful tourist destination in India having backwaters and lagoons which is located 16 Km away from Kottayam town. It is set in the backdrop of the Vembanad Lake which is the largest fresh water lake in Kerala. Eco tourism is encouraged here very much and is comfortable for vacations and holidays. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is the other attraction where many species of migratory birds visit.

Km Distance from Kumarkom:
Kottayam-16, Vaikom-22, Cherthala-22, Alappuzha-44, Ernakulam-63, Cochin International Airport-91, Vagamon-77, Kumily-115, Thekkady-119, Munnar-157.

In & Around Kumarakom:

  • Vembanad Lake: : Vembanad Lake is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in Kerala. Hundreds of `kettuvallams’ (house boats) is crisscrossing it and numerous resorts nestling on its banks. Lake is spanning several districts in Kerala and known by different names in different localities viz. Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Cochin. Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in Punnamada Lake. The Cochin Port is located at the lake's northern extension outlet to the Arabian Sea. The town of Alappuzha, sometimes called the "Venice of the East" for its large network of canals that meander through the town - is sandwiched between the Lake and the Arabian Sea. The Vembanad Lake is habitat for many marine and fresh water fish species like Karimeen (Pearl Spot), Poovalan Chemeen (Shrimp) etc. Kumarakom has a tropical climate which has two monsoons: south-west and north-east. The average rainfall 1100 mm.

  • Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary: Located on the banks of the Vembanad Lake, many species of migratory birds like Siberian stork, Egret darter, Herone and teal visit. Woodpecker, Skylark, Crane, Water hen and Parrots are the common birds visible here. The bird sanctuary extends over 14 acres (57,000m) and came into existence following preservation efforts from government.

  • House Boating: Kumarakom has a wide variety of houseboats like traditional country crafts, houseboats and canoes. More over, motor boats, speed boats, rowing boats, canoeing, water sports, lake side driving, fishing using hooks, nets and other improvised aids etc. keep one enjoyable for hours and days here.

  • Apart from these, there are elegant special boats like Kochu odi vallam, Iruttukutthi vallam, Churulan vallam and Chundan vallam (snake boat) which take part in the boat race around Onam time. Tourism in Kumarakom largely revolves around the backwaters of the Vembanad Lake. Several luxury and budget resorts are lined up on the shores providing facilities for boating, yachting and fishing with panoramic view of lake.

Kumarakom has pleasant climate with a temperature range from 20-32 C.


Alappuzha (Alleppy) is the land between the sea and network of rivers, canals, backwaters, beaches and lagoons flowing into it. The town is considered to be the oldest town in this region and the lighthouse built on the coast is the first of its kind along the Arabian coast. The backwaters of Aleppy are the most popular tourist attraction in Kerala. Houseboat cruise in backwaters is delightful experience and it connects Kumarakom and Cochin towards north and Kollam to the South.

Nehru Trophy Boat Race began in 1952 on the occasion of the visit of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to Alappuzha. It is the most competitive and popular boat race in India which is held on second Saturday of August every year near to Punnamada Lake. Mullackal Chirap is also one of the attractions in Alappuzha which is the festive season held on ten colourful days every year in the month of December. Other attractions are Alappuzha beach, offering beautiful views of Arabian Sea, Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple (the tasty ambalappuzha payasam is popular dessert), Edathua Church and Champakulam Valia Palli, Krishnapuram Palace. Coir is the most important commodity manufactured in Alappuzha.

Km Distance from Alappuzha:
Changanassery-31, Kottayam-49, Kumarakom-64, Vagamon-100, Thekkady-169, Munnar-196, Cherthala-36, Ernakulam-67, Cochin International Airport-95, Thiruvananthapuram-159.

In & Around Alappuzha: (Distance from Thekkady given in bracket)

  • House Boats: A boat cruise along the backwaters of Alappuzha is one popular way to experience the entire area, after all, Kerala's network of navigable backwaters covers an amazing 900 kilometers. Honeymooners especially are drawn to the peaceful atmosphere of the waterways. A backwater cruise on a houseboat allows you to see the scenic manmade islands and beautiful sights of coconut fringed backwaters and paddy fields. House boats needs to be book in advance since they are always in high demand. These giant 80-foot long houseboats are altered traditional boats from the area. These houseboats are luxuriously equipped with all of the modern amenities you would need. There are single-bedroom & even four to five-bedroom houseboats available, with living rooms, bathrooms, an equipped kitchenette & air-conditioning too. A well trained crew consisting of a cook and a bearer along with two oarsmen will be at your service all through.

  • Kuttanad: Kuttanad, called `the rice bowl of Kerala’, because of its wealth of paddy crops, as it is the very heart of the backwaters. The scenic countryside of Kuttanad with its shimmering waterways also has a rich crop of banana, cassava and yam. This is perhaps the only region in the world where farming is done 1.5 to 2.0 m below the sea level. Inland waterways which flow above land level are an amazing feature of this region.

  • Alappuzha Beach: This is one of the most popular picnic spots in Alappuzha. The pier, which extends into the sea here, is over 137 years old. Entertainment facilities at the Vijaya beach park add to the attractions of the beach. There is also an old light house which is greatly fascinating to visitors.

  • Q S T and R Block Kayal: These regions are wonders of the indigenous agricultural engineering know-how of Kerala and remind the visitor of the famous dikes of Holland. Extensive areas of land have been reclaimed from the backwaters and are protected by dikes built all around. A leisurely cruise along the canals that surround these kayals is a memorable experience.

  • Pathiramanal: : 1.5 hours traveling time by motor boat and 30 min. time by speed boat to reach Pathiramanal from Alappuzha. According to mythology a Yond Brahmin dived into the Vembanad Lake to perform his evening ablutions and the water made way for land to rise from below, thus creating the enchanting island of Pathiramanal (sand of midnight). This little island on the backwaters is a favourite haunt of hundreds of rare migratory birds from different parts of the world. The island lies between Thaneermukkom and Kumarakom, and is accessible only by boat.

  • Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna Temple: :15 km south of Alappuzha. Built in the typical Kerala architectural style, this temple is famous all over India for the Palpayasam, the daily offering of deliciously sweet mild porridge. Paintings of the Dasavathram (the ten incarnations of lord Vishnu) are on display on the inner walls of the chuttambalam. Ottanthullal, a satiric art form originated by the poet Kunchan Nambiar, was 1st performed on the premises of this temple.

  • Karumadi: : Only 3 Km east of Alappuzha is the village of Karumadi. There is a large black granite statue there that is very famous. This sculpture is known as the Karumadi Kuttan. This statue is a left over remnant from the days that the Buddha religion was very popular in the region. Historians say that this black Buddha was carved in either the 9th or 10th century. Nowadays, Hindu is the more popular religion, but that does not change the beauty of this Buddha statue. The fact that it is made from black quartz makes it even more unusual, since quartz is normally associated with a gray color.

  • Pandavan Rock: :Pandavan Rock gets its name from the Pandavas of Mahabharata who stayed in a cave here during the time of their exile. Pandavan Para, also known as the Rock of the Pandavas, this is an ideal picnic spot. It takes 10 to 15 minutes walking to get to this location, but it is not a hard climb. There are several vantage points with magnificent views along the trail. The panoramic view that can be seen when you reach the rocky outcrop at the top is exceptional.

  • St. Andrew’s Church: St. Andrew's church construction began in 1864 and was completed in 1866. This Scottish Presbyterian Church was originally built for the use of Scottish officers, their families and a few other laymen. This congregation has a long history as well as a well deserved reputation of serving the community. In1881, an impressive pipe organ was installed. The quality of the music that can be played using this instrument is remarkable. In 1891, a clock tower was added to the church.
Fort Kochi

Fort Kochi is the south-west part of handful of water-bound regions of the mainland Cochin. Along with a few adjoining areas, were amalgamated to form the Corporation of Cochin. A mix of old houses built by the Portuguese, Dutch and British in these colonial periods line the streets of Fort Kochi.

In & Around Fort Kochi:

  • Jew Street: The Jew Street is in Mattancherry, a little street with curio shops that have an array of antiques in wood, brass and bronze. The shops have antiques from all over the country. The street turned a shopping hub after the Jews living here returned to Israel. Their dwellings fell into disrepair.

  • Jewish Synagogue:Built in 1568 AD. The great scrolls of Old Testament, the copper plates in which the grants of privilege made by the Cochin rulers were recorded and the exquisite Chinese hand painted ties are of interest. Open: 10.00 to 12.00 hrs and 15.00 to 17.00 hrs. Closed on Saturdays and Jewish Holidays.

  • Mattancherry Palace: Also know as Dutch Palace built by the Portuguese and presented to the Raja of Kochi in 1557 AD, it acquired the present name after 1663 when the Dutch carried out extension and repairs in the Palace. Its interiors are decorated with murals from the Ramayana and there are some lively displays of royal costumes and palanquins. Open 10.00 hrs to 17.00 hrs. Closed on Friday and National Holidays.

  • Maritime Museum: The Maritime Museum is housed in two magazines used during the World War-II by the British. It is located on the Beach Road Approximately 1 km south of St. Francis Church in Fort Kochi. The Museum dwells on the rich Maritime Heritage of India. Also a sound and light show depicting the Navy in Action from 1946 to the Kargil conflict is also screened. On display are various vintage weapon equipments and missiles. Time 09.30 am to 01.00 pm 02.00 pm to 06.00 pm (Monday holiday).

  • St. Francis Church: The protestant church was originally built by Portuguese in 1503 AD and is believed to be the oldest church built by the Europeans in India. It is here the remains of the inveterate traveler, Vasco da Gama were initially buried and 14 years later, his mortal remains were taken to Lisbon, Portugal.

  • Santa Cruz Cathedral (Basilica): Roman Catholic Church situated close to St. Francis Church. Some beautiful paintings can be seen here. It is one of the eight Basilicas in the country. It is a place of devotion as well as center of historic significance, endowed with architectural and artistic grandeur and colours of the gothic style.

  • Chinese Fishing Nets: :The Chinese Fishing nets that line the sea front and exhibit a mechanical method of catching fish, introduced by Chinese trade.

  • Fort Immanuel: :This bastion of the Portuguese in Kochi was a symbol of the strategic alliance between the Maharajah of Kochi and Monarch of Portugal, after whom it was name. Built in 1503, the fort was reinforced in 1538. By 1806 the Dutch, and later the British, had destroyed most of the fort walls and its bastions. Today, remains of this once imposing structure can be seen along the beach.

  • Indo Portuguese Museum: The museum was established by late Dr. Joseph Kureethra, Bishop of Kochi, protect and showcase the rich cultural heritage and Portuguese influence

  • Sree Gopalakrishna Devaswom Temple: The only Daivajna Brahmin temple in Kerala, situated in Amaravathy, Fort Kochi.

  • Vypeen and Gundu Islands : Ferries shuttle across the narrow strait from Fort Cochin to Vypeen Island where visitors can see a lighthouse at Ochunthuruth (open from 3 to 5pm daily), good beaches and the early 16th century Palliport Fort (open Thursdays). Gundu, the smallest island in the harbour, is close to Vypeen. It has a coir factory making doormats from coconut fibre worth stopping at too

  • Willingdon Island: TA man made Island created from the material dredged while deepening Cochin Port. Regular ferry services on the lake surrounding the Island afford an inexpensive backwater cruise. The Govt. of India Tourist Office is situated here. The Southern Naval Command Headquarters of India, the seaport, airport, railway terminus, important offices of the Cochin Port and the Customs House are all located in this Island.

Ernakulam (Cochin) is known as the commercial capital of Kerala. Western part of Ernakulam usually named as Kochi and the outsiders call Cochin instead of Ernakulam. The city is well served by private/government buses, auto-rickshaws and boat services. The boat jetty is close to the central bus station towards the buses for costal root NH-17. KSRTC bus station is near to South Railway Station and inter-district KSRTC buses passing through NH-47 halt at Vytila hub. Ernakulam have two railway stations North (Town) and South (Junction). The main shopping areas are in M.G. Road and Broadway.

Km Distance from Ernakulam South (Junction Railway Station):
KSRTC Bus Station-2, North (Town) Railway Station-4, Boat Jetty-4, Kaloor Private Bus Stand-5, Marine Drive-5, Vytila Hub-6, Amrita Hospital-10, Thripunithura-10, Chottanikkara-15, Mattancherry-16, Fort Kochi-19, Wanderla Amusement Park-19, Aluva-20, Cochin International Airport-30, Kaladi-41, Malayattoor Church-49, Bhoothathankettu-50, Alappuzha-64, Kottayam-73, Thrissur-77, Kumarakom-85, Vagamon-101, Munnar-130, Thekkady-191.

Erankulam-Cochin: One-day picnic routes:

  • Route No.1: (holidays in bracket) Ernakulam-Marine Drive; Wellington Island; Mattancherry-Jeswish Synagogue (SUN), Dutch Palace (FRI); Fort Kochi-St. Francis Church, Maritime Museum-INS Dronacharya (MON), Chinese Fishing Net, Fort Immanuel, Santa Cruz Cathedral, Jew Street; Bolghatty Island-Bolghatty Palace; Cherai-Beach.
  • Route No.2: (holidays in bracket) Edapally-Museum of Kerala History (MON); Tripupunithara-Hill Palace Museum (MON); Mattancherry-Jeswish Synagogue (SUN), Dutch Palace (FRI); Fort Kochi-St. Francis Church, Maritime Museum-INS Dronacharya (MON), Chinese Fishing Net, Fort Immanuel, Santa Cruz Cathedral, Jew Street; Ernakulam-Marine Drive
  • Route No.3: Kaladi-Sankaracharya; Kodanad-Elephant Training Camp; Panayoor-Water Porrue, Thattekad-Bird Sanctuary; Bhoothathankettu-Dam; Cherai-Beach.

In & Around Ernakulam:

  • Marine Drive: A popular hangout among Kochities, Marine drive is the perfect place for an evening stroll. A walkway by the backwaters it is lined by beautiful Gulmohal trees and benches on either side. There are two bridges on each end of the walkway; one, in the shape of a rainbow and the other, shaped as a boat.

  • Bolghatty Palace:Bolghatty Palace is situated in Bolghatty Island a narrow palm fringed island easily accessible from the mainland. The palace was built by the Dutch in 1744. Later, it became the seat of the British Resident of Cochin and today this has been converted into a hotel by KTDC

  • Wonderla Parke:Formerly known as Veega Land, South India’s unique amusement park. Open 10.30 to 18.30 hrs. Phone: 0484-2684001 to 007.

  • Kerala Lalitha Kala Academy: A two acre plot in the heart of the city, what is now called the Durbar Hall Grounds; Kerala Lalitha Kala Academy was once the venue where the Maharaja of Cochin held his Durbars (Meetings, events). Just behind the Shiva Temple, Ernakulam, the Kerala Lalitha Kala Acdemy holds exhibitions showcasing contemporary.

  • Chitram Art Galley: Opposite to Air India Office on M.G. Road, Ernakulam. This gallery regularly exhibits changing collections of paintings by local artists worth seeing. For more information call: 0484-2351295

  • Museum of Kerala History: The Madhavan Nair Foundation Museum of Kerala History lies adjacent to the centre for Visual Arts and Gallery Painting & Sculpture at Edappally 10 Km side of the National Highway from Ernakulam. This houses about two hundred original paintings of recognized Indian masters both contemporary and of the past which includes large collection of Modern Sculptures in Marble, Bronze, Granite etc. The Museum attracts crowds which presents one hour light and sound spectacle of life size sculptures in concrete, of the makers of Kerala History, together with background music and diversity of Karalla’s history over the centuries. Open on all days 10 am to 5 pm (Except Mondays & Public Holidays) Contact Tel: 0484-2558296 / 2541326.

  • Vamanamoorthy Temple: Inscriptions from the 10th to the 13th century are found in this temple in Thrikakkara, near Ernakulam.

  • Hill Palace Museum: Hill palace museum is situated 12 km away from Ernakulam on the Ernakulam Chottanikkara route. Different type of sculptures, collection of rare coins, old weapons, manuscripts in ancient lipis and collection from the Cochin Royal Family is exhibited here. Tourists may also visit the Deer Park situated there. Open 09.00 hrs to 12.30 hrs and 14.00 hrs and 16.30 hrs. Closed on Mondays and National Holidays.

  • Cherai Beach: This lovely beach bordering Vypeen Island is ideal for swimming. Dolphins are occasionally seen here. A typical Kerala village with paddy fields and coconut groves nearby is an added attraction.

  • Kalady: 35 km away from Ernakulam. The birth place of Adi Sankaracharya, the great Advaita Philosopher of the 8th century. According to legends, a crocodile caught hold of him and refused to release him until Sankara’s mother Aryamba permitted him to accept Sanyas.

  • Kodanadu: : 42 Km away from Ernakulam. Kodanad is in the list of Eco-tourism destination projects sponsored by the Government of India. As a part of this project, Kaprikkad, a village lying 3 km adjacent to Kodanad on the river bank has been set up in 2006 for entertaining visitors in the most natural and environmental friendly way. Kodanad used to be the largest of several elephant training centres for captured Elephants from the adjoining forest regions.

  • Malayatoor : 47 Km away from Ernakulam. Malayatoor is famous for the Catholic Church on the 609m high Malayatoor hill (dedicated to St. Thomas). St. Thomas is believed to have prayed at this shrine.

  • Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary: 51 km from Erankulam. A picturesque haven situated in a vast virgin forest, this mythologically popular picnic spot lies close to the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary at Thattekkadu.

  • Bhoothathankettu Dam: Covering an area of hardly 25 km, and located about 60 km north-east of Ernakulam is one of the important bird sanctuaries of India. Salim Ali, one of the best known ornithologists has described this sanctuary as “the richest bird habitat on peninsular India”. The literal meaning of Thattekad is flat forest; the region is an evergreen low-land forest and is located between the branches of Periyar river, the longest river in Kerala.

Thrissur (Trichur) is known as ‘Cultural Capital of Kerala’ because of its cultural, spiritual and religious learnings throughout history. The City is located in a hillock called Thekkinkadu Maidan which is the second highest point in City after the Vilangan Hills. Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy, Kerala Lalitha Kala Academy, Kerala Sahithya Academy are situated in Thrissur.

Thrissur Pooram festival, the most colourful and spectacular temple festival in Kerala is held at the Thekkinkadu Maidan in April or May. Thrissur has a large number of well-known temples including the Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple, Vadakkumnathan temple and Paramekkavu temple, as well as two famous churches, the Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral and the Our Lady of Dolours Syro-Malabar Catholic Basilica (Asia’s highest church).

Km Distance from Thrissur:
Guruvayoor-29, Kerala Kalamandalam Cheruthurithy-32, Shoranur-34, Ottapalam-47, Palakkad-69, Malampuzha Dam-79, Chalakudy-30, Athirapally Waterfalls-63, Cochin International Airport-55, Ernakulam-75,

In & Around Thrissur:

  • Vadakkumnathan Temple: One of the oldest temples in the State, a classical example of the Kerala style of architecture and has many decorative murals and pieces of art. Non Hindus are not allowed entry into the temple.

  • Art Museum:Located in the Zoo compound, displays collections of wood carvings, metal sculptures and ancient jewelers, open 10.00 – 17.00 hrs on all days except Mondays.

  • Archaeological Museum:Situated on Town-Hall Road, open from 10.00 – 17.00 hrs on all days except Mondays and National holidays.

  • Shakthan Thampuram Palace: Also known as Palace Thoppu, the campus covers an area of 6 acres having three Shavakudeeramss (Tombs) including that of Shakthan Thampuran, the greatest ruler of the Cochin Dynasty.

  • Zoo:Near Chembukkavu, open from 09.00 to 17.00 hrs on all days except Mondays.

  • Aquarium: This is inside the Nehru Park, open from 15.00 hrs to 20.00 hrs. Nehru Park is famous park for kids and family is situated north-east side of the Thekkinkadu Maidan.

  • Vilangankunnu Hills: On Guruvayoor Road, 7 km away from Thrissur town, a beautiful hill which is a good picnic spot maintained by DTPC.

  • Heritage Garden: Heritage Garden is located in the heart of the city, just on the southern side of Shakthan Thampuran Palace. Recently, the garden is established to preserve and exhibit valuable indigenous trees as well as flora of Kerala.

  • Guruvayoor (29 KM from Thrissur): Guruvayoor is one of the most sacred and important pilgrim centres of Kerala. Its main attraction is the Sree Krishna temple. This historic temple is shrouded in mystery. According to belief, the temple is the creation of Guru, the preceptor of the Gods, and Vayu, the God of winds. The eastern Nada is the main entrance to the shrine. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple

  • Cheruthuruthy (32 km north of Thrissur): Cheruthuruthy is the seat of the Kerala Kalamandalam, renowned the world over for its Kathakali training centre. The music and dance academy was founded by the famous poet, Vallathol Narayana Menon. Training in Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Thullal and other art forms of Kerala is imparted here.

  • Kerala Agricultural University: (7 Km from Thrissur) KAU is situated in Vellanikkara, near Mannuthy on Thrissur-Palakkad national highway. Various agri-products are available from the counter sale at the KAU campus.

  • Peechi Dam : (20 km east of Thrissur) Peechi Dam picnic spot offers boating facilities. Peechi Dam have a small garden.

  • Athirapally : (63 km from Thrissur): At the entrance to the Sholayar ranges, this 80 foot high waterfall is a popular picnic spot. The natural beauty surrounding this water falls is enchanting.

  • Vazhachal Water Falls: (66 Km from Thrissur) Sourcing its origin from the Chalakudy River, Vazhachal Falls are scenically located just 3 km from the Athirapally falls. Classified as one of the finest waterfalls in India, Vazhachal Waterfall cascades on the edge of the Sholayar forest range in Kerala. The best time to come to Vazhachal falls is during the months from June to October, when the monsoon is in its full swing. But very dangerous picnic spot for the tourists if they try to walk on the rocks of the river.

  • Dream World Water Park: (49 km from Thrissur) in between Chalakudy and Athirapally, 19 Km away from Chalakudy.

Suggested Picnic trips for Thrissur:

  • Route No.1: Thekkinkadu/Swaraj Round-Vadakkumnathan Temple; Amala Nagar-Vilangankunnu Hills; Chembukkave-Zoo & Art & Museum; New Church-Basilica-Bible Tower; Municipal Nehru Park-Aquarium; Peechi-Dam or Vadanapilly-Beach.
  • Route No.2: Guruvayoor-Krishna Temple (allowed only Hindus), Punnathur Kotta-Elephant Rest Place of Guruvayoor Devasum; Chavakkad-Beach or Valappad Snehatheerum Beach Park; Thripprayar-Sree Rama Swami Temple; Kodungaloor-Cheraman Juma Masjid, St. Thomas Memorial; Irijanalakuda-Koodalmanikyam Temple; Athirapally-Water Falls, Vazhachall, Dream World Water Park or Silver Storm Amusement Parks.
  • Route No.3: Thekkinkadu/Swaraj Round-Vadakkumnathan Temple; Amala Nagar-Vilangankunnu Hills; Chembukkave-Zoo & Art & Museum; Chruthuruthy-Kerala Kala Mandalam, Vazhani or Poomala-Dam; Vadanapilly-Beach.
  • Route No.4: Guruvayoor-Krishna Temple (allowed only Hindus), Punnathur Kotta-Elephant Rest Place of Guruvayoor Devasum; Chavakkad-Beach; Vazhani or Poomala-Dam; Athirapally-Water Falls, Vazhachall, Dream World Water Park or Silver Storm Amusement Parks.

Guruvayur is a municipal town in Thrissur district and it houses the famous Guruvayur Sree Krishna Temple, the fourth biggest temple in India in terms of number of devotees per day. Guruvayur Township was formed on January 26, 1962 with an area of 6.49 km. Later In 1994, the township was upgraded to Municipality status with an area of 29.66 km. In 2010, the electoral wards were increased to 43. Guruvayur is a Grade-III Municipality.

In & Around Guruvayur:

  • Guruvayur Temple: : (29 Km west of Thrissur). Guruvayur is one of the most sacred and important pilgrim centers of Kerala. Its main attraction is the Sree Krishna temple. This historic temple is surrounded in mystery. According to belief, the temple is the creation of Guru, the preceptor of the Gods, and Vayu, the God of winds. The eastern Nada is the main entrance to the shrine. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple.
    Of the 24 Ekadasis in a year, the Vrishchika Ekadasi (Sukla paksha) has got special significance in Guruvayur temple. A memorial honour for Gajarajan Kesavan is conducted in Guruvayur. The Karanavar or head of the elephant family places a wreath at the statue of Kesavan in front of Sreevalsam guest house and all the other elephants stand around and pay obeisance. On Ekadasi day, the Udayasthamana Pooja (dawn to dusk pooja) is conducted by the Devaswom itself. After the morning seeveli, on Ekadasi there is a grand elephant procession to the Parthasarathi temple since it is regarded as Geethopadesam Day also. On Ekadasi after night pooja, the famous Ekadasi Vilakku with elephant procession takes place and provides a fitting finale to the festival.
    Chembai Sangeetholsavam is an annual Carnatic music festival held in Guruvayur by the Guruvayur Devaswom at Thiruvaiyaru as a kind of homage to Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatar, one of the titans of Carnatic Classical Music. The Gurvayur Devaswom decided to take charge after his death in 1974, and renamed it as Chembai Sangeetholsavam in his memory. About 2000-2500 musicians participate in this festival every year, and it is held for about 12–15 days culminating on the Guruvayur Ekadasi day, when all the musicians sing 5 favourite songs of Chembai and also the Pancharatna Kritis of Thyagaraja.

  • Elephant Camp at Guruvayur:Elephant Camp in the Punnathur Kotta, located 3 km from the Guruvayur temple is the largest elephant sanctuary in India. Once the property of the kings of Punnathur, this 10 acre camp is home to more than 60 elephants. The fact is that all these elephants are offerings made by devotees to the temple. This elephant camp has produced many renowned elephants like Guruvayur Kesavan and Guruvayur Padmanabhan, used during major temple festivals & processions to carry the temple idol like the Shiveli procession. The elephants in the camp will participate in an elephant race held by the temple to determine who will carry the Guruvayurappan Idol during the festival. The Anayottam (Elephant Race) attracts thousands of tourists to this place.

  • Mammiyoor temple: It is known as Mammiyur Mahadeva Kshetram is a Shiva temple situated in Guruvayur. Every devotee who goes to Guruvayur Temple is supposed to go to Mammiyoor also, as the ritual goes. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple. The temple is a part of the 108 famous Shiva temples in Kerala and one among the five Shiva temples around Guruvayur. The main deity is Shiva and he is facing east and is in ‘Rowdra Bhava’.

  • Institute of Mural painting: Established in 1989 is managed by Guruvayur Devaswom. This institute was founded by renowned master of mural painting, Shri Mammiyoor Krishnankutty. The institute is located at the east gate of the Guruvayur temple. This institute follows a traditional Gurukula system with residential facilities for the students. It offers many courses for art loving students. The courses offered include five year diploma courses in mural painting, aesthetics, sculpture and art. This institute arranges exhibitions, seminars and training related to the art and culture of Kerala. Many students from Kerala and other states undergo training here.

  • Devaswom Museum: The Devaswom Museum is situated inside the Shree Guruvayurappan Temple. It is located in the office annex, near the Temple’s eastern walkway and forms a part of the many cultural promotions of the temple. The museum houses an extensive collection of valuable offerings that have been made to the 5000 year-old presiding deity of the temple. The offerings include temple materials, antiques, musical instruments, mural paintings and other valuable materials. It also includes some unusual items like elephant teeth, rifle and toys. The museum also displays various other items such as the remains and images of famous religious poets like Poonthanam and Melapthur, the precious items that are used to adorn the renowned elephants and adornments that are used in folk arts like Kathakali and Krishnanattam. Timing: 8:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.

  • Palayur Church: The Palayur Church is one of the seven ancient churches established by the apostle, St. Thomas, in Kerala. This church portrays the life of St. Thomas and is famous for its architectural work. Around 14 granite statues that reflect various stages of St. Thomas’ life were installed at the entrance of this church. The major pilgrimage of this religious site is the Palayur Mahatheerthadanam, during which the devotees carry a wooden cross. The other festivals that are celebrated in this church are the Thukharana Thirunal, Muppittu Njayar and Tharpana Thirunal.

  • Chavakkad Beach: Also known as Blangad Beach, 5 Km away from Guruvayur Temple, situated near Chavakadu, famous beach for fishermen and an attractive beach for the tourists.
  • e backwater cruise. The Govt. of India Tourist Office is situated here. The Southern Naval Command Headquarters of India, the seaport, airport, railway terminus, important offices of the Cochin Port and the Customs House are all located in this Island.

Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) is the capital of Kerala and the southern district of Kerala, located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. It is also considered as one of the 10 greenest cities in India. Thiruvananthapuram means the ‘City of Lord Anantha’. Mahatma Gandhi referred Trivandrum as the "Evergreen city of India".

Apart from being the political nerve centre of Kerala, the city houses several central and state government offices and organizations, academic and educational institutions including Kerala University, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Techno park, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Indian Institute of Science - Education and Research (IISER), the Centre for Development Studies, the International Centre for Free and Open Source Software (ICFOSS), the Regional Research Laboratory, the Centre for Earth Science Studies, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology and the Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute for Medical Science & Technology.

Km Distance from Trivandrum:
Trivandrum Airport-7, Kovalam-16, Varkala Beach-52, Ponmudi-58, Kollam-65, Kanyakumari-86, Alappuzha-150, Kottayam-159, Kumarakom-165, Ernakulam-222, Thekkady-253, Munnar-301.

In & Around Trivandrum:

  • Padmanabha Swami Temple: Located in the heart of the city. Trivandrum was in limelight recently at global level due to opening of centuries old vaults of this temple revealing its rich treasures. Thousands of visitors other than the devotees throng into the temple due to this recent fame. It is estimated that the value of the monumental items and assets of the temple partially revealed are close to 100,000 crore (US$18.1 billion), making it the richest temple in the world. The temple is located in the centre of the city inside the East Fort, dedicated to Lord Vishnu; the temple is a blend of the Kerala and Dravidian styles of architecture. It is known for its mural paintings and stone carving. One among the 108 sacred Vishnu temples in India, the presiding deity here is Lord Vishnu reclining on Anantha the Serpent. Only Hindus are allowed inside the temple. Dress code for men: dhoti & for women: saree & blouse. Darshan Timing: 04.15 to 05.15; 06.45 to 07.15; 08.30 to 11.15; 11.45 to 12.00; 17.00 to 18.15; 18.45 to 19.30 Hrs. Phone – 0471-2450233.

  • Attukal Bhagavathy Temple:2 Km away from the City. `Pongala’ (a form of Porridge) is the favourate offering to the Goddess Bhagavathi. The famous Pongala festival is celebrated during the Malayalam month `Kumbha’ (Feb-March).

  • Kowdiar Palace: Sree Chitra Thirunal, the last King of Travancore lived here. He is buried in the beautiful garden surrounding the palace. The admission is restricted due to its historical importance.

  • The Kanaka Kunnu Palace: The Palace and its sprawling grounds are today the venue for many cultural meets and programs. Phone 0471-2314615

  • Science and Technology Museum Complex:Open 10.00 to 17.00 hrs, closed on Mondays. The exhibits here are related to Science, Technology & Electronics. Phone 0471-2306976.

  • Priyadarshini Planetarium: Open 10.30, 12.00, 15.00 & 17.00 hrs.
  • Chacha Nehru Children’s Museum: Open 10.30 to 17.00 hrs, closed on Monday. Children of all age groups will enjoy the vast collection of nearly 2000 dolls, stamps & masks displayed here. Phone 0471-2324939

  • University Observatory: Located at the highest point in the city, near the museum complex 60 meters above sea level, one can have a bird’s eye view of the city from here. Phone 0471-2322732.

  • Kerala Legislative Complex: Located at Palayam, this is a fairly new building where the Legislative Assembly of Kerala meet. With its towering dome, exquisitely carved galleries, ornate teak paneling and ceiling combined with the most modern acoustic treatment and state of the art sound systems. The hall is a beautiful blend of classical grandeur and modernity. Phone 0471-2512028

  • Shanghumugham Beach: Just 8 Km away from the city, this is a favorite haunt of sunset watchers. The beach is adjacent to the Trivandrum Airport and Veli Tourist Village. An indoor recreating club, the Matsya Kanyaka (a gigantic 35m long sculpture of a mermaid) and a restaurant shaped like a starfish are some of the attractions here. Chacha Nehru Traffic Training Park here provides opportunity for children to learn the traffic rules.

  • Veli Tourist Village: Open 08.00 – 18.00 hrs. This is a picnic spot, where the Veli Lake meets the Arabian Sea, offers boating facilities. Pedal boats can be hired to explore the charms of the lagoon in a leisurely manner. For a quick ride over the waters, speed boats are available for hire. Children enjoy climbing over the huge sculptures which dot the landscape.

  • Akkulam Tourist Village: Open 10.00 – 19.00 hrs. A picnic spot with boating facilities. Akkulam is a place for children. It has a well equipped children’s park and a paddle pool. There is a swimming pool for adults too.

  • Kuthiramalika (Puthenmalika) Palace Museum: Open 08.30 to 12.30 hrs and 15.30 to 17.30 hrs. Closed on Mondays. The Palace was built by Maharaja Swathi Thirunal Balarama Varma the king of Travancore, who was great poet, musician, social reformer and statesman. This rare specimen of workmanship in the traditional Travancore style of architecture also has exquisite wood carvings. The palace museum displays paintings and various priceless collections of the royal family and is located near the Sree Padmnabha Swami Temple.

  • The Napier Museum: Open 10.00 to 16.45 hrs. Closed on Mondays & Wednesday forenoons, January 26, August 15, Thiruvonam and Mahanavami. Built in the 19th century, this indo-Saracenic structure boasts a natural air conditioning system and houses a rare collection of archaeological and historic artifacts, bronze idols, ancient ornaments, a temple chariot and ivory carvings. The use of plastic is banned in the museum premises.

  • Sree Chitra Art Gallery: Open 10.00 to 16.45 hrs. Closed on Mondays & Wednesday forenoons. Located near the Napier Museum, this art gallery displays select paintings of Raja Ravi Varma, Svettova and Nicholas Roerich and exquisite works from the Rajput, Mughal and Tanjore schools of art in India. The collection also includes paintings from China, Japan, Tibet and Bali.

  • The Zoological Park: Open 19.00 – 18.15 hrs and closed on Mondays. One of the first Zoos in India. It is located in a well planned botanical garden, with huge trees like frangipani and jacaranda dotting and sprawling lawns and wild fowl swimming in the lakes. It is like a small jungle in the heart of the city. A reptile house with different species of snakes is also located in the premises.

  • Kovalam Beach: Located 16 Km away and 30 minutes travel from city. This internationally renowned beach has been favorite haunt of tourists since the 1930’s. Kovalam consists of three adjacent crescent beaches. The southernmost, known as the lighthouse beach is the most popular. Kovalam offers accommodation options to suite all budgets.

  • Vizhinjam: 18 Km away from the City. Earlier the Travancore Kings used this place as their harbour and now the Government of India rebuild this as a modern Port. A rock temple made by drilling a huge rock attracts the tourists very much. There is also an aquarium, with rich collections of sea animals

  • Aruvikkara Dam: 16 km away and 30 minutes travel. This picnic spot on the banks of the Karamana River, near the Durga Temple is a stream full of fish that fearlessly come close to the shore to be fed by the visitors.

  • Koyikkal Palace: 18 Km away and 45 minutes travel. Located near Nedunmangad, on the way to the Ponmudi Hill Station and the Courtallam Waterfalls, this ancient palace dates back to the 15th century. Here you can see a double storied traditional Nalukettu building with slanting gabled roofs, an inner courtyard and museums of folklore and numismatics set up by the Department of Archaeology.

  • Poovar Beach: (32 Km away and one hour travel) Poovar is a small coastal village having a beautiful beach which attracts tourists. There are also some good tourist resorts. Poovar lies very close to Vizhinjam, a natural harbor. Poovar has an estuary which connects with the sea during high tides. The 56 Km length Neyyar river passes through Neyyattinkara taluk into the Arabian Sea near Poovar.

  • Varkala Beach: This beach has a seaside resort and is also an important pilgrimage of the Hindus. The beach has mineral springs that rise in a splendid way from the coasts. A major attraction here is the 2000-year-old Janardhana Swami temple that attracts many tourists.

  • Neyyar Dam: : (32 Km away & 1 hour travel) a popular picnic spot, Neyyar Dam has a watch tower, crocodile farm, lion safari park and deer park. Boating facilities are available at the reservoir.

  • Agasthyakoodam: Part of the Sahyadri range of mountains. Agasthyakoodam is the second highest peak in Kerala, at height of 1890 meters above sea level. Teeming with wildlife, the forests of Agasthyakoodam abound in rare medicinal herbs and plans and brilliantly hued orchids. A bird watcher’s paradise, this legendary mountain is accessible by foot from Kotoor, near Neyyar Dam, as also from Bonacaud. The season from December to April is advocated for trekking and must obtain forest pass from the Wildlife Warden, forest department P.T.P. Nagar, Trivandrum

  • Ponmudi: (61 Km away and 2.5 hours travel) an idyllic hill resort with narrow, winding pathways and cool, green wooded environs. Ponmudi is located 915 meters above sea level. Along with a variety of beautiful mountain flowers, exotic butterflies, small rivulets, springs and the deer park nearby, this hill station also has excellent trekking trails.

  • Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary: (50 Km away) This sanctuary spread over 53 Sq. Km on the western ghats, is accessible from Vithurai, which is on the way to Ponmudi with its rich flora and fauna, Peppara, dotted with hillocks, forests and eucalyptus plantations, is emerging as a great attraction for wildlife enthusiasts.

  • Padmanabhapuram Palace: (52 Km away & 2.5 hours. Travel): Closed on Mondays. The seat of the erstwhile rulers of Travancore, this splendid palace is situated at Thuckalai, on the way to Kanyakumari. This is a well preserved wooden palace, a glorious testimony to the traditional Kerala School of Architecture. The extraordinary murals, exquisite floral carvings and the black glossy granite floor have withstood the test of time.


Kovalam is a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Trivandrum, located around 16 km from the city. Kovalam means a grove of coconut trees and true to its name the village offers an endless sight of coconut trees. It is also known as the ‘Paradise of the South’. Kovalam has three beaches namely Lighthouse beach, Hawah Beach, Samudra Beach which separated by rocky outcroppings in its 17 km coastline, the three together form the famous crescent of the Kovalam beach.

There are a large number of beach resorts in and around Kovalam. The sea port of Vizhinjam is about 3 km away and famous for its special varieties of fish, old Hindu temples, big churches and a mosque. The Proposed International Trans Shipment Terminal at Vizhinjam is close to Kovalam. Kovalam is finding a new significance in the light of several Ayurvedic treatments for tourists.

In & Around Kovalam:

  • Lighthouse Beach: Out of the three beaches of Kovalam, Lighthouse beach is the largest beach, a long stretch of sand. At the southern end there is a 30 meter high lighthouse situated and painted in red and white colour. This beach is named after the lighthouse, which is the prime attraction. The lighthouse has an observation platform, which can be reached by climbing 142 steps. Tourists can get a view of Beemapalli Mosque in one direction and Poovar on the other. Water sports like swimming, parasailing and surfing can be enjoyed at this beach.

  • Hawa Beach:Popularly known as Eve's Beach. This beach lies opposite to Lighthouse Beach and is full of palm groves. Swimming is not preferred. Tourists can be seen sunbathing and getting herbal massages at this beach. Catamaran rides can also be availed at Hawa Beach.

  • Samudra Beach: Samudra Beach, which is just 4 km north of Kovalam. The beach owes its name to Hotel Samudra, which is operated by Kerala Tourism Development Corporation. Numerous basic wooden fishing vessels can be seen near the beach.

  • Vellayani Lake: Vellayani Lake is the largest fresh water lake in Trivandrum city covering an area of 7.5 Sq. Km. Many people visits this lake during moonlight nights. Vellayani Lake attracts large number of tourists during Onam, when the boat race is held in the lake. Located about 7 km away from Kovalam, this lake can be reached by hiring country boats from Kovalam Beach.

  • Vizhinjam Marine Aquarium: The aquarium is located around 1.3 km away from Kovalam, near Theatre Junction, and can be reached within 3 minutes. Vizhinjam Marine Aquarium is an important fishing port in Kerala which was established in 1997. This aquarium showcases the rarest species of invertebrates and ornamental fish in the world. Managed by the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), this aquarium houses crabs, squirrelfish, moon wrasse, clownfish and butterfly fish, lionfish, giant turtles, surgeonfish, triggerfish, piranhas and sharks. This aquarium has a pearl oyster, which can transform a mould of shell cement into a pearl by using the Image Pearl Production Technique.

  • Halcyon Castle: known as Kovalam Palace was built in 1932 by the regent, M.R. Sri Rama Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran, consort of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi as a perfect summer retreat for the whole family. During 1960s it was sold to the Kerala government and is a luxury hotel today. It showcases the traditional Kerala architecture and style while the sprawling lawns are well maintained.

  • Vizhinjam Rock Cut Cave: It is a historic spot, which is located just 1 Km away from Kovalam. These caves contain rock cut sculptures that belong to the 8th century. A temple dedicated to Vinandhara Dakshinamurthi is housed within the cave. This granite cave temple is built in the Tamil architectural style. The outer wall of this cave features an unfinished sculpture of Lord Shiva. In this sculpture of Lord Shiva, he is shown dancing and holding a bow.

Varkala is a coastal town and municipality in Trivandrum district, located 50 km north-west of Trivandrum and 37 km south-west of Kollam city. Varkala has a moderate climate. Varkala is the only place in southern Kerala where cliffs are found adjacent to the Arabian Sea. There are numerous water spouts and spas on the sides of these cliffs. The Sivagiri Mutt, established by the social reformer Sree Narayana Guru is in Varkala and also famous for 2000 year old Janardana Swami Temple.

In & Around Varkala:

  • Varkala Beach (Papanasam Beach): It is one of the most popular tourism destinations in Kerala and haven for sun bathing and swimming. The evening views of the sunset are worth seeing. The cliff and the beach have lot of resorts, restaurants and other shops. The black part of the sand on the Varkala Beach contains Thorium-oxide which is a radioactive substance.
    Sections of Varkala Beach are used by Indians to scatter the ashes of their cremated dead relatives into the sea. Devotees believe that the strong religious properties of the water will extend to the souls of their most recently departed. Despite this burial activity, the sea is popular with swimmers both locals and foreign tourists.

  • Kappil Lake:This Lake is about 4 kilometers north of Varkala Town. Boating is another great way to browse this tranquil waterway

  • Anjengo Fort: One of the prime attractions of Varkala, is a testimonial to many historic events and links related to the colonial rule in the region. The fort is believed to have been constructed between the 17th to 18th centuries. The name is believed to be derived from a small land with five coconut trees, which was given to the East India Company by the Queen of Attingal on lease. The small land served as a site for establishing a huge fort to help the British in carrying out numerous trading activities. Preserved under National Heritage Monuments, the fort also houses a cemetery that has the mortal remains of the occupants of the fort.

  • Varkala Tunnel: It was a 924 ft long tunnel built in 1867 by T. Mahadeva Rao the dewan of Travancore, and took 14 years to complete. Varkala Lighthouse is another tourist highlight in the vicinity.

  • Ponnumthurut Island: This is a beautiful spot and can be reached by cruise boat. There is a Sivaparvathy Temple on this island.

  • Janardhana Swami Temple: Janardana Swami Temple is a very important Vaishnavite shrine and attracts thousands of pilgrims. This temple often known as Dakshina Kashi (Banaras of South). The temple is about 2000 years old. Facing the temple is the Papasnanam beach where devotees take a bath in the belief that the sacred waters will wash away their sins. A large bell washed up from the wreck of a Dutch merchant vessel is kept on display at the temple.

  • Sivagiri Mutt: Sivagiri Mutt is a famous ashram in Varkala, founded by the philosopher and social reformer Sree Narayana Guru. Sree Narayana Guru's tomb is also located here. The Samadhi (the final resting place) of the Guru here attracts thousands of devotees every year during the Sivagiri Pilgrimage days 30 December to 1 January.
    The Sivagiri Mutt, built in 1904, is situated at the top of the Sivagiri hill near Varkala. Even decades after the guru breathed his last here in 1928; his Samadhi continues to be thronged by thousands of devotees, donned in yellow attire, from different parts of Kerala and outside every year during the Sivagiri Pilgrimage days - 30 December to 1 January.
    The Sivagiri Mutt is also the headquarters of the Sree Narayana Dharma Sangham, an organization of his disciples and saints, established by the Guru to propagate his concept of 'One Caste, One Religion, One God'. The Guru Deva Jayanti, the birthday of the Guru, and the Samadhi day are celebrated in August and September respectively every year. Colourful processions, debates and seminars, public meetings, cultural shows, community feasts, group wedding and rituals mark the celebrations.

  • Varkala Lighthouse: One of the historic buildings of the region is believed to have been constructed around the 18th century by the British rulers. Representing the fine example of colonial style architecture, the historic building is renowned for offering beautiful views of surrounding areas and adjoining beaches.

  • Kaduvayil Juma Masjid: Known as Kaduvayil Thangal Juma Masjid or Kaduvayil Palli, one of the prime shrines located in Varkala, dedicated to Kaduvayil Thangal, a Muslim saint. The shrine is counted among one of the vital Sunni pilgrimage centers that attracts both local Muslims and devotees of other faiths.

Palakkad (Palghat) is large and seventh most populous town in Kerala and lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural depression through the Western Ghats ranges, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadu to the east. Spread over an area of 26.60 Km. Palakkad town is situated about 350 Km north of state capital Trivandrum and 49 Km south-west of Coimbatore.

The climate is hot and humid for most part of the year. Palakkad is one of the hottest places in Kerala. There is sufficient rainfall. The town is blessed with many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. Of the number of dams in Palakkad district, the largest Malampuzha dam is 12 km from Palakkad town.

Km Distance from Palakkad:
Malampuzha-12, Coimbatore-45, Ooty-150, Thrissur-69, Nelliyampathy-39, Silent Vally-80, Parambikkulam-110.

In & Around Palakkad:

  • Palakkad Fort (Tippu Sultan Fort): Palakkad Fort, also known as Tipu's Fort and constructed by Haider Ali in 1766, located at the centre of Palakkad Town, presently operational as a Taluk Office. The fort is known for its architecture that displays the workmanship of French engineers. The large ground between the Fort and the Palakkad Town Hall, popularly known as the Kota Maidanam, served as a stable for elephants and horses of Tipu Sultan's army.

  • Malampuzha Garden:Located 12 Km away from Palakkad has a children’s’ park with a toy train, an aquarium and a mini zoo. The swimming pool, a canal and a huge reservoir where boating can be enjoyed. Tourists visiting the garden can see the concrete sculpture of Yakshi, which has been crafted and established by Mr. Kanai Kunhiraman, the renowned sculptor. The Telescope Tower, Snake Park, Thread Garden, Rock Garden and Road Train are the other prominent attractions of the location.

  • Fantacy Park:Located 6 Km away from Palakkad is the first amusement park of Kerala. The park is divided into three main areas namely the dry park, the wet park and the planetarium. Situated in the vicinity of Malampuzha, the park serves as an ideal weekend getaway and picnic spot. The park has recently introduced a digital planetarium with the main objective to think and discuss about astronomy. This planetarium is based on concepts related to space, space exploration and space technology.

  • Jaina Temple: Located in the western suburbs of the Palakkad Town and this area are known as Jainmedu. The Jain Temple is made up of granite and is 32 Ft long and 20 Ft wide. This temple enshrines idols of Jain Tirthankaras and Yakshinis. It is believed that the temple is constructed around 500 years ago for Chandranatha Swami by Inchanna Satur, a Jain head. The temple is segmented into four divisions. It is believed that the main altar of the temple was once home to a community of 400 Jain families. Kumaran Asan, a popular poet, wrote a poem Veena Poovu or the Fallen Flower, at this site.

  • Mangalam Dam:This dam is 50 Km away from Palakkad and constructed across the river Cherukunnapuzha which is a tributary of Mangalam River. A park decorated with sculptures and a wild life sanctuary is found here. There are rubber, pepper, coffee, and tapioca plantations in the area.

  • Donimala: Dhoni is a reserve forest area situated around 15 Km away from Palakkad Town. The Dhoni Waterfalls and Vishwanatha Swami Shrine are the prime attractions located near this place.

  • Lok Naik J.P Memorial Forest and Deer Park: Located at Valayar 22 Km from Palakkad. Facilities for ‘Elephant riding’ are provided in this park. Deer and other wild animals are seen here.

  • Punarjani Cave: This cave is situated 2 Km from Thiruvilvamala Temple. It is believed that all sins will be washed away, if passed through this cave. Only men are allowed to do this. Women can visit this place. Entrance to this cave is only on the day of ‘Guruvayur Ekadasi’. The presiding deity is Sri Rama. It is reachable either by road or by climbing the hill.

  • Kalppathi Siva Temple: Kalpathy Temple is considered as the oldest existing Shiva temple in the Palakkad region which is located near Kalpathi River. The annual Chariot Festival and a gala event that lasts for seven days attract many to the temple. The shrine was constructed by Kombi Achan, who was the King of Palakkad in 1425.

  • Pothundi Dam: This dam is located on the way to Nelliyampathi from Palakkad. A beautiful park is seen here. It was constructed in the 19th century. It is the second dam in Asia constructed without using cement mixture. The dam is one of the major water sources for agricultural and drinking in the Chittur taluk. The Pothundy dam is a nice site for tourists, covered with mountains.

  • Nelliyampathy: Popularly known as the Nelliyampathy Hill Range, near to Nemmara Town. The land of orange estates situated 39 Km away from Palakkad and 9 Km from Nenmara. The Pothundi Dam, Palagapandi Estate, Seetharkundu and an ancient bungalow are some of the major attractions of the site. Famous Mohan Lal’s film Bhramarum’s one of the locations was at Kesavan Para, 5 Km from Nelliyampathy.

  • Parambikkulam Wild Life Sanctuary : Situated 110 Km away from Palakkad amidst the Anaimalai Hills of Tamil Nadu and the Nelliyampathy Range of Kerala. The sanctuary is inhabited by 1049 species of insects, 268 species of birds and 124 species of butterflies. In addition, 61 species of reptiles, 39 species of mammals, 47 species of fishes and 16 species of amphibians also live in the sanctuary. Nilgiri langurs, lion-tailed macaques, Indian tigers, elephants, leopards, gaurs, Nilgiri tahrs, sloth bears, sambar and Nilgiri martens are commonly spotted in the sanctuary. Birds like the grey-headed fishing eagle, hornbill, great black-woodpecker; black-capped kingfisher and Nilgiri wood pigeon can be spotted near the water bodies of the forest. King cobras, Western Ghats flying lizards, common Asiatic toads and wrinkled frogs are some of the reptiles and amphibians seen in the sanctuary. It is also home to around 1432 species of plants, belonging to 753 genera and 140 families.

  • Silent Valley National Park : Silent Valley National Park is situated in the Kundali Hills and 80 Km away from Palakkad. This park is surrounded by the Nilgiri Forests in the north and Nilambur Forests in the south. The Palakkad Forests and Attappadi Reserve Forests are located on the western and eastern side of the park. It provides a home to different animals like elephants, tigers and lion-tailed macaques. This national park is home to 34 species of mammals, more than 150 species of birds and about 200 species of butterflies. Around 1000 species of flowering plants are found in the park, out of which, about 110 species belong to the family of orchids. Over 400 species of moths and 128 species of beetles can be spotted in the forest area. River Kunthi that originates from the Nilgiri Hills flows through the forest. The Nilgiri wood-pigeon, Malabar parakeet, grey-headed bulbul, broad-tailed grass bird, rufous babbler and white-bellied short wing are some of the resident birds of this park.

  • Attappadi: Attappati is an extensive mountain valley. Rivers Bhavani and Siruvani are flowing through this place. Estates of coffee, tea, orange and cardamom are found here. There are 171 hamlets in Attapadi. The population of the valley comprise mostly of Muduga, Irula and Kurumba tribal people with a small section of settlers from Tamilnadu and other Districts of Kerala.

Kozhikode (Calicut) is the third largest city in Kerala and the centre point of Malabar. Airport which is located at Karipur is in Malappuram district, 29 Km away from Kozhikode. IIM is at Kunnamangalam, near the town. Recently Kozhikode was given the tag of "City of Sculptures" (Shilpa Nagaram) because of the various architectural sculptures located in various parts of the city. Kozhikode ranked as the second best city in India to reside in.

Km Distance from Kozhikode:
Kappad Beach-16, Karipur (Calicut) Airport-29, Kottakkal-48, Thusharagiri-50, Peruvannamoozhi-60, Kannur-90, Vythiri-60, Kalpetta-63, Sultanbattery-98, Malappuram-98, Palakkad-119, Guruvayur-108, Thrissur-134, Silent Vally-138.

In & Around Kozhikode:

  • Kozhikode Beach–Dolphin Point: Kozhikode beach is 25 Km from the town. This beach is favorite haunt of sunset viewers. Dolphin point, Light House, Sa Bridge, Aquarium and Park are the special attractions of this place. In the early morning, we can see dolphins playing in the sea.

  • Pazhassiraja Museum: Located at East Hill, 5 Km away from Kozhikode where we can find many antique bronzes, gold coins, old paintings, ancient umbrella stones and monuments. Monday is holiday.

  • Art Gallery: The paintings of Raja Ravi Varma and Raja Varma are seen here. It is situated near the Pazhassiraja Museum.

  • Krishnamenon Museum: The Krishna Menon Museum was established in 1975, to honour the popular Indian leader, V. K. Krishna Menon. It is situated next to the Pazhassi Raja Museum. A section of the museum is dedicated to V. K. Krishna Menon, which preserves and displays the souvenirs gifted to him and his personal belongings.

  • Mananchira:Mananchira Square is the palace tank of King Mana Vikrama. It is situated in the heart of the city. The very old buildings of Kozhikode such as Common Wealth Office, Town Hall, Public Library, Park, Valiakulam Church, Mosque etc. are found here. The Mananchira Square is surrounded by temples, churches, mosques and several traditional houses. The whole square is encircled by a laterite-sculpted wall and the area is carpeted with green grass.

  • Planetarium: This is located in the Jaffarkhan Colony. It gives us basic information about the solar system, planets and galaxies. Movies showing related subjects are shown here daily.

  • Science & Technology Museum: Located along with the planetarium. Monday Holiday.

  • Beypore: Beypore is a small village situated at the mouth of Chaliyar River, at a distance of 10 Km to the south of the Kozhikode town. This village was also popular as a centre for shipbuilding, meeting the demands of the merchants from Western Asia and mainly constructed traditional ships like the Uru or Arabian trading vessel. The 1500 year old tradition of shipbuilding is still carried on by the locals.

  • Kappad: Situated 16 Km away from Kozhikode town. A port where Vasco Da Gama the famous world explorer first set his foot on 1498. A stone monument is erected on the beach to commemorate the significant historical event. This rock studded beach is called by the locals as Kappakkadavu.

  • Peruvannamoozhi Dam: Located 60 Km away from Kozhikode. The reservoir offers facilities for row-boat and speed-boat cruises that include a visit to the ‘Smaraka Thottam,’ a garden built in the memory of the region’s freedom fighters. A bird sanctuary, uninhabited islands and crocodile farm add to the charm of the place.

  • Thushara Giri: Situated 50 Km away from Kozhikode town. A small tribal village. Thushara Giri means ‘Snowy Peak’. There are three waterfall sin this place. It is an ideal place for mountaineering.

  • Kuttyadi: 78 Km away from Kozhikode. This picturesque village is the sit of a motor power project – The Kuttiyadi Hydro Electric Power Project.

  • Iringal: This is the birth place mosque of Kunjali Marakkar.

  • Mahi: A place controlled by French, on the northern boarder of Kozhikode. Now this place is apart of Pondicherry under the rule of Central Government. A church named after St. Theresa is situated here.

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